One feature of the media in the West is how it is mostly composed of narrative lines. The narrative lines are politically engineered. They are based on expediency. After the narrative line is created a scattering of facts is adduced to create an impression of factual reporting. This is the opposite of reporting facts and then developing an analysis based on those facts.
An example of a narrative line is “an increasingly aggressive Russia”. This phrase (shared across all media outlets and politicians) now forms part of “news” stories on Russia and is presented as if it were an incontrovertible fact.